Rye (Cereal) Growing Guide
Crop Rotation Group
Any well drained soil.
Most varieties of cereal rye can survive temperatures to -29C (-20F) if the plants are well rooted before the ground freezes.
When using cereal rye to improve very poor soil, mixing a balanced organic fertiliser into the soil before planting will give better results.
Hairy Vetch, Winter Peas and Winter Field Beans. In spring, widely spaced rye plants can serve as trellises for garden peas.
Single Plants: 10cm (3") each way (minimum)
Rows: 10cm (3") with 10cm (3") row gap (minimum)
Sow and Plant
Sow in early autumn, though cereal rye will still germinate in mid autumn, after the soil has lost its warmth. Broadcast seed into cultivated soil so that the seeds are about 7 cm (3in) apart and 1 cm (1/2in) deep. No thinning is required. Increase spacing to 20cm (8in) apart when growing cereal rye with other green manures.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalised calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.
Primarily grown to increase organic matter and break up dense subsoil. Can be sown later in the autumn than other green manures.
Mow down plants in spring, before they develop seeds. Or, gather the immature seed tops and dry them for arrangements, and then pull up the plants. They can be used as mulch or composted.
Deer often nibble cereal rye in winter.
Planting and Harvesting Calendar
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